Lapraroscopy & Hysteroscopy

Lapraroscopy & Hysteroscopy


What is a Laparoscopy?

It is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. Through small incisions in the abdomen or pelvis with the help of a camera, laparoscopy is an operation performed. It is also known as diagnostic laparoscopy. It is done with a laparoscope which helps in therapeutic interventions or diagnosis with a few small cuts in the abdomen. It is a minimally invasive procedure with relatively low risk which requires only small incisions. An instrument, called the laparoscope is used in laparoscopy to look at the abdominal organs real time.

Laparoscopy can be done to examine the following organs

  • Gallbladder
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Appendix
  • Small intestine and large intestine (colon)
  • Stomach
  • Spleen
  • Reproductive or pelvic organs.


What is Hysteroscopy?

A Hysteroscopy is an inspection on the uterus using the method of endoscopy. Doctors use a thin, lighted telescope like device called Hysteroscope. It is inserted through the patient’s vagina into the uterus. The hysteroscope transmits the image of the uterus onto a screen. Other instruments are also used along with the hysteroscope for treatment If your doctor finds abnormal tissue such as polyps or fibroids when viewing your uterus, this tissue can be removed at the same time rather than scheduling a return visit.

Testicular Biopsy

What is Testicular Biopsy?

A tissue sample which is taken from a man’s testicle for laboratory analysis is called a Testicular Biopsy.

A male reproductive organ has two testicles that produce sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. A man’s testicles are located intheir scrotum, which is the fleshy pouch of tissue that hangs under their penis.

What it is used for?

A testicular biopsy can be used:

  • Used to diagnose the location and condition of a lump in the testes
  • For diagnose causes of male infertility
  • For obtaining sperm for in vitro fertilization (IVF)

The two different procedures used for a testicular biopsy are:

  1. Percutaneous Biopsy : With percutaneous biopsy, a thin biopsy needle is inserted through the skin. The needle has a syringe on the end to collect the testicular tissue. This procedure does not require an incision or stitches. This is also called as a fine needle biopsy.A core needle biopsy is a variation on this technique.
  2. Open Biopsy: An open biopsy is also called as a surgical biopsy. Your surgeon starts by making a cut in the skin. A small incision is also made in the testicle. Then a small tissue sample is taken from the opening and stitches are used to close the cuts.

Having a testicular biopsy done, is quite an important tool in diagnosing male infertility. However, it is not the first step. For the initial phase in a fertility evaluation, your surgeon would take a health history and order blood tests and a semen analysis.