Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

Medical science has improvised with time in all fields including fertility. There are various successful methods of conception which help childless couples have children with ease.

What is IUI?

It is a treatment related to fertility which involves placing the sperm inside the uterus to help with fertilization. The significant aim of IUI is to subsequently improve and increase the chances of fertilization by increased sperm count that reach the fallopian tubes. This procedure gives advantage to the sperm by giving it a head start, but still the sperm must reach and fertilize the egg on its own.

The fertility treatment of IUI may be selected for any of the following conditions:

  • Low sperm count or decreased sperm mobility.
  • Unexplained infertility.
  • Hostile cervical conditions which include cervical mucus problem.
  • Any procedures in the past which may hinder the sperm from entering the uterus.
  • Ejaculation dysfunction.

Procedure

Ovulation stimulating medicines may be used before intrauterine insemination and careful monitoring will be required to determine when the eggs are mature and ready for fertilization. Around the time of ovulation, the IUI procedure will be performed usually about 24-36 hours after an increase in LH hormone which indicates ovulation will soon occur.

The lab will wash the semen sample and separate the semen from the seminal fluid. The sperm will be inserted directly into the uterus with the help of the catheter. The number of sperm cells that are placed in the uterus are maximized thus increasing the chances of conception. This IUI procedure takes very less time and has minimal discomfort. The next step is to look out for symptoms and signs of pregnancy. It is a less expensive and invasive option in comparisons to in vitro fertilization.